New discoveries around the pyramids of Giza

New discoveries around the pyramids of Giza

On the Giza Highlands, the site of the three majestic Pharaonic pyramids of the Old Kingdom, the remains of an old mansion which seems to have been inhabited by people of high society ago 4,500 years.

The site has been discovered on a base just 400 meters south of the famous and enigmatic Sphinx of Giza. In addition to the foundations of the old dwelling, skeletal remains of cattle and leopard teeth have been found in a nearby mound, suggesting that it was inhabited by royal officials of high social rank.

The residence consists of a total of 21 rooms and is part of an entire port city that dates from the Old Kingdom (between 2649 and 2150 BC), more specifically from the times of Pharaoh Menkaure, who built the third and smallest of the three Great Pyramids of Gizeh.

The investigations have been presented in a symposium organized by the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, in which he has participated the main promoter of the discovery, the Egyptologist Richard Reeding. According to their statements, the around 100,000 cattle bones analyzed do not exceed 18 months of age, so it is suckling cattle that served as food for the people who lived in the house. This supposes that we speak of inhabitants of very high social statusfor only they could afford to eat meat of this kind in abundance.

In addition, two pairs of leopard teeth found among the remains of the mound and the house itself support these hypotheses. Being isolated, without a complete leopard skeleton, suggest that they may have been part of the clothing of high society, including that of the royal family. Analyzing wall paintings of the Old Kingdom, Reeding discovered that many members of the high hierarchy dressed in leopard skins even covering their own head with that of the animal, so these teeth could have been detached from one of these dresses.

On the other hand, other evidence makes Reeding's theory more concrete. During the sweep of wall paintings the Egyptologist realized that the most repeated kind of bones in the offering scenes were the forelimbs, and the later ones hardly appeared as a tribute to the deities. In the site, bones were found mainly from the hind legs of the cattle and not the front, so it is possible that in the house they would have fed on the remains of the offerings, that is, with what was left over after giving the front limbs to the divinity.

Going a little further, Redding has determined that in the areas of the residential complex where there is a greater concentration of front limbs of animals is where the divine tributes were performed. And also the presence of grain silos as a store of provisions to cook bread and use it as an offeringthey tell us that it is a place dedicated to religious practices.

Awaiting future explorations, Reeding's conclusions point to the possibility that it was a luxury residence inhabited by priests of the royal cult. The dates seem to locate the complex on a plain where once there was a small town where the people who worked on the construction of the Pyramid of Kefren lived.

To conclude, an important comment. Ancient Egypt, the country of Kemitas its inhabitants called it, it is yet to be discovered. Even today, even with all that has been discovered, there is much that Egyptian archeology can offer us and there are still abundant gaps in the history of Pharaonic Egypt that must be filled.. It seems as if it will never cease to amaze us.

Romantic, in the artistic sense of the word. In my adolescence both family and friends reminded me over and over that I was an inveterate humanist, as I spent time doing what perhaps others not so much, believing myself to be Bécquer, immersed in my own artistic fantasies, in books and movies, constantly wanting to travel and explore the world, admired for my historical past and for the wonderful productions of the human being. That is why I decided to study History and combine it with Art History, because it seemed to me the most appropriate way to carry out the skills and passions that characterize me: reading, writing, traveling, researching, knowing, making known, educating. Disclosure is another of my motivations, because I understand that there is no word that has real value if it is not because it has been transmitted effectively. And with this, I am determined that everything I do in my life has an educational purpose.

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