The Danjiangkou reservoir It is located in the northwest of Hubei province and southwest of Henan province. Between 1994 and 2004 scientists from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) carried out two studies in the reservoir where they found 91 open-air sites belonging to the Palaeolithic and distributed in different areas along the Hanshui River and its Danjiang tributary. Between April and May 2009, researchers carried out an excavation at the Guochachang II site that yielded great results.
The reservoir area is a place featuring the human migration and the cultural exchanges between the south and north of China. Numerous hominid fossils and abundant Palaeolithic sites have been discovered in it, making it a place of great importance for palaeoanthropology and palaeolithic archeology in China.
Among the findings found at the site called Guochachang II there are nine hammers, twenty-two bone tools and three axes, among others. Four types of raw materials were used: quartz, siliceous limestone, tuff and sandstone. For its part, quartz was dominant for the production of hammers, cores, flakes and pieces.
The techniques that were most used were flaking by hammer of direct freehand impact, and that of the anvil. Large stones were used for heavy-duty tools, predominantly helicopters and pickaxes.
The Guochachang II culture It is divided into two parts, on the one hand an upper layer with calcareous nodules and on the other a lower layer of gray-white vermiculated soil. Through the geomorphology and nature of the sediments, researchers have concluded that the site belongs to the Pleistocene.
This study provides us valuable knowledge about adaptation and the behavior pattern that the first humans had in the area of the reservoir. This work has been primarily supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the International Program for Key S&T Cooperation Projects of China.
I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.