The Mayan civilization It is known for its elaborate temples, its sophisticated writing systems, and its advanced mathematical and astronomical advances. But nevertheless, the origins of this civilization remain a mystery.
A new study from the University of Arizona question the two theories that exist about how ancient civilization began and suggest its origin in a more complex way than previously thought.
Usually, anthropologists they fall into one of the two fields of competence regarding the origins of the Mayan civilization. First believes it developed by itself in the jungles of what is now Guatemala and southern Mexico. The latter consider that the Mayan civilization developed as a result of the direct influences of the Olmec civilization and its center in La Venta. According to the findings of a team of anthropologists led by the married couple Takeshi Inomata and Daniela Triadan, neither of these theories is likely to tell us the whole story.
In his excavations at Ceibal, an ancient Mayan site in Guatemala, researchers They discovered that the place was up to 200 years before the growth of La Venta as the most representative center, suggesting that La Venta may not have been the predominant influence in early Mayan development.
However, the researchers indicate that this fact nor does it make the Mayan civilization older than the Olmec Nor does it prove that the Mayan civilization developed completely independently. What it does indicate is that both Ceibal and La Venta participated in a broader cultural shift between 1150 and 800 BC.
The similarities between Ceibal and La Venta cannot be denied, as the evidences of their similar ritual practices and the presence of a similar architecture. However, the researchers do not believe that it is simply a case of imitation between one place and another. Rather, they suspect that both the Mayan site of Ceibal and the Olmec site of La Venta were part of a geographically broader shift and far-reaching cultural shift that occurred around 1000 BC. at the time when the Olmec center underwent the transition from San Lorenzo to La Venta.
“Basically an important social change took place in the southern Maya lowlands, probably on the Chiapas coast and the southern Gulf coast, where Ceibal was one of the parts that underwent a great social change”Inomata explained. "The emergence of a new form of society, such as new architecture and new rituals, made it the important basis of all subsequent Mesoamerican civilizations.”.
Almost graduated in Advertising and Public Relations. I started to like history in 2nd year of high school thanks to a very good teacher who made us see that we have to know our past to know where the future takes us. Since then I have not had the opportunity to investigate more in everything that our history offers us, but now I can take up that concern and share it with you.